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Hormone Testing

Hormone Testing Overview

Reviewed By: Dr. Kurt Kloss, MD
Last Reviewed Date: Feb 14, 2019
Last Modified Date: Feb 14, 2019
Published Date: Jul 29, 2017

Hormone Imbalance Symptoms and Tests

Endocrine system of hormones

When the endocrine system is functioning smoothly, its precise and timely release of hormones works to promote optimal health and function. The glands in this system assist in nearly every critical bodily function. So, if there is a problem with one or more glands, hormonal imbalance can occur, causing a variety of problems - some serious. These changes can be detected by a hormone imbalance test, opening the door to treatment that can ease or eliminate hormonal imbalance symptoms.

What is the cause of hormonal imbalance?

Hormonal imbalance causes vary according to the specific hormones involved. However, in general, they are caused by changes in or dysfunction of a hormone-producing gland. For instance, a thyroid gland that isn't functioning correctly may produce too much thyroid hormone, accelerating body metabolism, or too little. Thyroid dysfunction can be caused by autoimmune diseases, thyroid nodules, medications or, rarely, thyroid cancer, among other potential causes. Imbalances in male or female sex hormones, such as estrogen, progesterone and testosterone, can be caused by age-related changes, such as menopause and andropause, as well as genetic disorders, stress, nutritional issues, or medications. Excessive stress, poor diet, aging and certain medications can contribute to imbalances in cortisol and other adrenal hormones.

A Guide: Hormone Imbalance And Hormone Level Testing

What are common symptoms of hormonal imbalance?

Again, that depends to some degree on the specific hormones that are out of balance. That said, here are general symptoms that may be experienced:

  • Fatigue – Frequent in all common types of hormonal imbalance.
  • Irritability – Common in those affected by imbalances in female, male, and stress hormones.
  • Mood swings – common in sex hormone imbalances.Hormone imbalance tests can tell if you are experiencing menopause
  • Weight changes – High levels of thyroid hormones can cause weight loss, while low thyroid levels and imbalances in female hormones, male hormones or stress hormones typically cause weight gain.
  • Muscle loss – Most common with male and female sex hormone imbalances.
  • Reduced bone density – Thyroid and sex hormone imbalances can cause bone loss.
  • Increased sensitivity to heat or cold – Abnormally high levels of thyroid hormones can cause heat intolerance, while low levels can make a person over-sensitive to cold.
  • Hot flashes and/or night sweats – Very common with female hormone imbalances as well as low testosterone.
  • Sexual disinterest or dysfunction – Most common with male and female sex hormone imbalances.
  • Infertility – Can occur with sex hormone disturbances.
  • Skin changes – The skin can be affected by all common hormone imbalances. Changes can include severe skin dryness, skin thinning, oily skin and acne outbreaks.
  • Hair loss – Often seen with thyroid problems or low testosterone.
  • Anxiety/depression – Can occur with all common imbalances.
  • Heart rate changes or palpitations – Thyroid dysfunction, sex hormone imbalance and stress hormone imbalance can all cause these symptoms.
  • Rising cholesterol levels – Low thyroid hormone levels, low testosterone and estrogen/progesterone imbalances can cause cholesterol levels to rise.
  • Memory problems – Can occur in all common hormone imbalances.
  • Poor focus/concentration – Common symptom of any hormone imbalance.

How can I balance my hormones?

If you have been diagnosed with a hormonal imbalance, your doctor can advise you on ways of bringing your body back into proper balance. Typical treatments for improved hormonal balance include hormone replacement therapy and lifestyle changes, such as dietary changes, stress management and exercise. In the case of thyroid dysfunction, medications and/or surgical intervention may be necessary to restore health levels of thyroid hormones.

What is hormonal imbalance in men?

The most common hormonal imbalances in men are related to testosterone levels. Men may experience low levels of testosterone due to disorders, like hypogonadism, a condition in which the testes cannot produce an adequate supply of testosterone. More commonly, aging is the underlying cause, with testosterone production gradually diminishing over time, beginning around age 40. For some men, levels fall so low that the body's basic needs for the hormone cannot be fulfilled, which can lead to many of the symptoms listed above. Other factors that can contribute to low testosterone levels include excessive stress, poor diet, obesity and regular, excessive alcohol use.

Can you test hormone levels?

Yes, you can. Hormone testing is routinely done these days and is available for all types of hormones that commonly become unbalanced, including women hormones, men hormones, thyroid hormones, cortisol and much more. Most hormone imbalance tests are blood tests that measure the level of certain hormones circulating in the blood stream, and in some cases, whether complimentary hormones – estrogen and progesterone, for instance – are present in the proper ratios to work together effectively.

Hormone tests are commonly done for the following purposes:

  • To diagnose hormonal imbalances
  • To help identify the underlying causes of hormonal problems.
  • To aid in formulating effective treatment plans.
  • To monitor progress in bring hormone levels back into balance.

If you have concerns about your hormonal balance, your doctor can order hormone testing for you, or you can use an online lab testing service, like Health Testing Centers, to order your tests yourself. The advantages of ordering your lab tests directly include the ability to choose your own tests, ensuring that all of your concerns about your health are addressed, and lower costs, since you won't have to pay for office visits to have your tests ordered or to receive your results – which will be delivered directly to you.

Featured Tests And Packages

Featured Tests and Packages
Expanded Hormone Panel - Men's
$548
 
$199

Measures hormone levels for Free and Total Testosterone, DHEA-S and Estradiol, Sensitive.

Expanded Hormone Panel - Women's
$548
 
$199

Measures hormone levels for Free and Total Testosterone, DHEA-S and Total Estrogen.

Comprehensive Hormone Panel - Men's
$1648
 
$599

Measures hormone levels for Free and Total Testosterone, DHEA-S and Estradiol, Sensitive, Estrogen, HGH, IGF-1, SHBG, Parathyroid Hormone, Progesterone, and Pregnenolone.

Comprehensive Hormone Panel - Women's
$1648
 
$599

Measures hormone levels for Free and Total Testosterone, DHEA-S and Estradiol, Estrogen, HGH, IGF-1, SHBG, Parathyroid Hormone, Progesterone, and Pregnenolone.

Hormone Trio, Saliva - TEST KIT
$303
 
$110

This Ayumetrix at home test kit may be used to measure the levels of Estradiol (E2), Testosterone, and Progesterone.

Imatrix Hormone Panel TEST KIT
$520
 
$189

This at home saliva test kit may be used to measure 11 different hormones in your body. This kit requires two saliva collections.

Imatrix Hormone Panel Plus TEST KIT
$740
 
$269

This at home saliva test kit may be used to measure 10 different hormones in your body plus 4 separate cortisol levels. This test kit requires four saliva collections.

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) and Free T4
$207
 
$75

Measures the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (T4) to evaluate thyroid function

Expanded Thyroid Panel
$218
 
$79

Measures the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), T3 uptake, T4, T7 and T3 Total.

Comprehensive Thyroid Panel
$465
 
$169

Measures the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH, Free T3, Free T4, T3 Uptake, T4, T7, T3 Total and Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody (TPO).

Women's Basic Fertility Package
$561
 
$349

Measures multiple hormone levels to assess ovarian and thyroid function

Women's Expanded Fertility Package
$1620
 
$689

Measures multiple hormone levels to assess ovarian and thyroid function. This package also contains STD testing to create a completed women's fertility package.

Lab Tests (A-Z)

Lab Tests (A-Z)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
$345
 
$139

The ACTH test measures the levels of the adrenocorticotropic hormone in the body.

Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH)
$438
 
$159

This test measures the level of AMH in the body.

Cortisol
$163
 
$59

Measures the level of cortisol to assess for adrenal or pituitary disorders

Cortisol 24 Hour Urine
$381
 
$209

Measures the level of cortisol in a 24 hour urine sample to assess for adrenal or pituitary disorders.

Cortisol AM & PM
$373
 
$139

Measures the level of cortisol at two separate times during the day to assess for adrenal or pituitary disorders

Cortisol, Saliva
$313
 
$139

This test measures the level of Cortisol through a saliva sample collected within 30 minutes of waking.

Cortisol, Saliva -TEST KIT
$193
 
$70

This Ayumetrix test measures the level of Cortisol through a saliva sample collected within 30 minutes of waking. 

Cortisol, Saliva x 4
$898
 
$399

This test measures the level of Cortisol in the body throughout the day through 4 saliva samples.

Cortisol, Saliva x 4 -TEST KIT
$495
 
$180

This Ayumetrix test measures the level of Cortisol in the body throughout the day through 4 saliva samples. 

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
$245
 
$89

This test is used to measure the level of the steroid DHEA in the body.

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) Sulfate
$168
 
$61

Measures the level of the DHEA sulfate hormone to assess adrenal function

DHEA, Saliva -TEST KIT
$193
 
$70

This Ayumetrix test is used to measure the level of the steroid DHEA in the body through a saliva sample. 

DHT (Dihydrotestosterone)
$223
 
$99

Measures the level of DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) in the body.

Estradiol
$179
 
$65

Measures the level of estradiol to help assess fertility

Estradiol, Saliva -TEST KIT
$193
 
$70

This Ayumetrix at home test kit is used to measure the level of Estradiol in the body through a saliva sample. 

Estradiol, Sensitive
$259
 
$94

Measures the level of estradiol with increased sensitivity for men and post-menopausal women

Estrogen, Total
$218
 
$79

Measures the amount of estrogen hormones to help assess fertility

Estrone
$630
 
$229

This test is used to measure the level of estrone in the body.

Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH)
$116
 
$42

Measures the level of FSH, a hormone that affects reproduction

Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH) & Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
$226
 
$82

Measures FSH and LH to help assess fertility

Growth Hormone (GH)
$190
 
$69

Measures the amount of growth hormone to evaluate pituitary function

Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1)
$218
 
$79

Measures IGF-1 to evaluate pituitary function

Insulin-like Growth Factor-binding Protein 3 (IGFBP-3)
$483
 
$239

This test is used to measure Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Protein 3 (IGFBP-3) in the blood.

Leptin
$438
 
$189

This test is used to measure the level of leptin in the blood.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
$110
 
$40

Measures luteinizing hormone (LH) to help assess fertility

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) and Calcium
$465
 
$149

Measures the amount of parathyroid hormone and calcium. PTH helps regulate calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus levels in the blood and bones.

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH), Intact
$204
 
$74

Measures the amount of intact parathyroid hormone to evaluate parathyroid function and abnormal calcium levels.

Pregnenolone
$300
 
$109

This test measures the amount of pregnenolone in the blood.

Progesterone
$110
 
$40

Measures the level of progesterone to help assess fertility

Progesterone, Saliva -TEST KIT
$193
 
$70

This Ayumetrix test measures the amount of unbound Progesterone in the body through a saliva sample.

Prolactin
$127
 
$46

Measures prolactin, a hormone important during pregnancy and while breastfeeding

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA)
$108
 
$39

PSA test measures the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) to evaluate prostate function in men.

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA), Free:Total Ratio
$207
 
$75

Measures the level of freely circulating prostate-specific antigen (PSA) to evaluate prostate function in men age 40 and older

Serotonin, Serum
$1098
 
$399

This is a blood test measures the level of serotonin in the blood.

Sex Hormone-binding Globulin (SHBG)
$157
 
$57

Measures the level of sex hormone-binding globulin

T3 (Triiodothyronine), Free
$149
 
$54

Measures the amount of freely circulating triiodothyronine (T3) to evaluate thyroid function.

T3 (Triiodothyronine), Total
$94
 
$34

Measures the total amount of triiodothyronine, T3, to evaluate thyroid function.

T4 (Thyroxine), Free
$149
 
$54

Measures the amount of free thyroxine (T4) to evaluate thyroid function.

Testosterone, Female
$121
 
$44

This Quest Diagnostics specific test code measures the total level of testosterone in the body

Testosterone, Free
$190
 
$69

Measures the level of testosterone circulating freely in the body

Testosterone, Free & Total
$273
 
$99

Measures the total level of testosterone, including the small portion circulating freely in the body

Testosterone, Saliva -TEST KIT
$193
 
$70

This Ayumetrix at home test kit is used to measure the level of Testosterone in the body through a saliva sample. 

Testosterone, Total
$99
 
$44

Measures the total level of testosterone in the body

Thyroid Peroxidase (TPO) Antibodies
$135
 
$49

Measures the amount of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies to help understand the cause of thyroid disorders.

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
$97
 
$35

Measures the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) to evaluate thyroid function

T4 (Thyroxine), Total
$94
 
$34

The Thyroxine Total (T4 total)  measures the level of a key thyroid hormone, T4, in the blood.

Thyroxine-Binding Globulin (TBG)
$438
 
$259

This TBG test is used to measure the level of Thyroxine-Binding Globulin in the blood to further evaluate thyroid function.