Prostate Test (PSA)
An annual prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test is often recommended for men beginning at age 50. However, men who are at high risk of prostate cancer should start screening at age 40 or 45. Risk factors include being African-American or having a father or brother who had prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer. It rarely occurs before age 40, and most cases occur in men age 65 or older. Other risk factors for prostate cancer include family history and race. Men who have had a brother or father with prostate cancer have a greater chance of developing prostate cancer.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by cells of the prostate gland. The PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood. Prostate cancer and benign (non-cancerous) conditions can increase men’s PSA levels. As men age, these conditions become more common. A PSA test can be used to determine if further testing might be needed to help diagnose a problem.