Expanded Health Profile (CBC, CMP 14 + LP)
The Expanded Health Profile is the standard of laboratory tests used by physicians for a comprehensive view of overall health status. When used in concert, these collaborative tests provide information on numerous medical conditions and diseases. Health Testing Centers provides these tests in a profile, that is our most frequently ordered test. The Expanded Health Profile includes the following:
- Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP 14)
- Complete Blood Count with Differential (CBC)
- Lipid Profile
- Hemoglobin A1C
Below you will find additional details on each of these components. Combined, these labs provide a great baseline of measurement that can be used to determine if additional testing might be appropriate.
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
GlucoseGlucose: Glucose is a measure of the sugar level in your blood. Specific levels can indicate diabetes, or hypoglycemia.
Waste ProductsBlood Urea Nitrogen (BUN): BUN is a waste product produced in the liver and excreted by the kidneys. BUN levels (and the BUN / creatine ratio) assess kidney function.
Creatinine: Creatinine is a waste product primarily from muscle breakdown. Levels estimate the kidney filtration rate.
Glom Filtration Rate: A measure of how well the kidneys are filtering the blood.
ElectrolytesSodium: Sodium is an electrolyte that is regulated by the kidneys. Body fluid and electrolyte balance are important measures of kidney function.
Potassium: Potassium is an electrolyte that is controlled by the kidneys. It is critical for proper functioning of the nerves and muscles, particularly the heart.
Chloride: Chloride is another electrolyte that is involved in maintaining the proper balance of body fluids and the body's acid-base balance.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2): Changes in your CO2 level may suggest changes in the balance of your body's electrolytes, such as losing or retaining fluid. CO2 levels are also affected by kidney and lung function.
MineralsCalcium: Calcium is controlled in the blood by the glands and the kidneys. It is important for proper blood clotting, nerve, and cell activity.
Phosphorus: Phosphorus is regulated by the kidneys and high levels may indicate kidney disease.
Blood FatsTriglycerides: Triglycerides are fat in the blood which, if elevated, has been associated with heart disease. Excess calories, alcohol or sugar are converted into triglycerides and stored in fat cells throughout the body.
Total Cholesterol: Cholesterol is a fat-like substance which, if elevated, has been associated with heart disease. The measurement includes all cholesterol (good and bad) that is in the blood.
ProteinsAlbumin: Albumin is a type of protein in your blood.
Globulin: Globulin is a type of protein that is important for fighting disease.
Albumin / Globulin Ratio: Calculated measure of the percentage of Albumin to Globulin.
Total Protein: The amount of total protein evaluates kidney functions and the albumin / globulin ratio are general indices of overall health and nutrition.
EnzymesTotal Bilirubin: Bilirubin is a pigment removed from the blood by the liver. Levels are used to evaluate liver and gallbladder function.
Alkaline Phosphatase: Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme found mainly in bones and the liver. Specific levels can indicate liver or bone disease.
AST (also called SGOT): AST is also a liver and muscle enzyme. Specific levels may indicate problems with the liver, gallbladder, or pancreas.
ALT (also called SGPT): The ALT blood test measures the level of the enzyme alanine transaminase (ALT) in the blood . ALT is found primarily in the liver, but is also found in smaller amounts in the kidneys, heart, muscles, and pancreas. The ALT test checks how well your liver is working and evaluates its overall health. The ALT test was formerly called serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).
Complete Blood Count (CBC) (with differential)
White Blood Count
The total number of white blood cells per volume of whole blood. Abnormal levels may indicate infection, certain types of leukemia, or bone marrow diseases.
Red Blood Count:
The total number of red blood cells per volume of whole blood.
Hemoglobin is the amount of oxygen carrying protein contained within the red blood cells. Abnormal levels may indicate anemia, red blood cell breakdown, or vitamin deficiencies.
Hematocrit is the percentage of the blood volume occupied by red blood cells. Levels evaluate anemia, bone marrow failure, and certain cancers.
The Lipid Profile is a blood test that measures cholesterol in your body. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance found in certain foods and in your body's cells. Your body needs a small amount of cholesterol to function normally. When too much cholesterol is present, plaque (a hard deposit) may form in your body's arteries restricting the blood to flow to the heart. This buildup causes hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) over time, which can lead to heart disease. A lipid profile includes the following:
A total cholesterol level of 200 or more raises your risk for heart disease.
HDL is also called "good cholesterol". Higher levels of this particular category are better. The lower the level of HDL the higher the risk for heart disease. Smoking, being overweight and lack of exercise can all be factors that cause low HDL levels.
LDL is also called "bad cholesterol". This particular level has categories such as optimal, borderline, high, and very high. The lower your LDL cholesterol, the lower your risk of heart attack and stroke. It's a better gauge of risk then your total blood cholesterol.
Elevated triglycerides are a lifestyle related risk factor. For example, overweight/obese, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, excess alcohol consumption and/or diet can be a factor in raising your triglycerides.
Elevated cholesterol levels generally do not produce any visible symptoms, but can result in the development of serious conditions like hypertension, stroke, and heart attacks. Have your cholesterol checked regularly, and take control of your health.
The Lipid Profile Blood test is performed after a 12 hour fast without liquids, food, or pills. You may drink water and take prescription medications unless directed otherwise by your physician.
The Hemoglobin A1C measures long-term blood sugar levels rather than the sugar in your blood at a specific point in time.
A UA is an array of tests and one of the most proven methods of medical diagnosis. The urinalysis measures glucose, protein, blood, bilirubin, ketones, nitrates, leukocytes, sediment, bacteria, PH and specific gravity.