STD Testing vs. STI Testing: What’s the difference?
Prior to the ‘90’s sexually transmitted diseases were commonly referred to as “VD’s” or venereal diseases. The term “STD” was used increasingly as the infection rates for HIV/ AIDS proliferated.
More recently the term STI or sexually transmitted infection has been used rather than STD. The reason for this is that many people are infected but may not have had the infection turn into a disease. Being infected does not mean you feel sick or start to show signs of a disease. However, you may still in fact be infected, contagious and carrying the potential of a disease. By using the term STD or testing for disease, we may be under testing at risk patient populations. Only testing when someone shows symptoms of a disease is not safe.
At Health Testing Centers we aim to help our patients test for any infection that may lead to a disease. Some infections are also transmitted by non-sexual contact as well. For example, some forms of herpes or hepatitis may be considered an STD but not actually communicated by sexual activity. At Health Testing Centers, when we test for STD Testing we think of it as the same thing as STI Testing.
There are two kinds of infections that are typically transmitted sexually: Bacterial and Viral.
Bacterial STI examples include:
Viral STI examples include: