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Health And Wellness Testing Example Results

Below you will find Health and Wellness testing sample results with explanations, relevant ranges, and potential interpretations. Note that there are often minor differences in the reference ranges of the wellness tests depending on the laboratory that performs the analysis. Linked to the corresponding illustrative sections below, result examples include:

ABO Blood Type with Rh factor

Following is a sample of the results of the ABO blood type with Rh Factor test. This test measures whether certain individual antigens are present in a blood sample. This information identifies a person’s blood group and type. There are 4 primary blood groups: A, B, AB, and O. Rh type is a result of positive or negative.

LabCorp Example

ABO Blood Type with Rh factor - LabCorp

Quest Diagnostics Example

ABO Blood Type with Rh factor - Quest

A blood type is also regularly performed as part of prenatal care. If a pregnant woman is Rh-negative and the biological father is Rh-positive, the mother and fetus may have different blood types. This can lead to a serious condition, but the mother can be treated and monitored more closely when the blood types are known.

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT)

The Alanine Transaminase (ALT) blood test is an excellent measure of how well your liver is functioning. Following is a sample of the results of the Alanine Transaminase (ALT) blood test. The reference interval indicates the normal ranges and the flag indicates a result outside of those ranges.

LabCorp Example

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) - LabCorp

ALT reference range: 0-44 IU/L

Quest Diagnostics Example

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) - Quest

ALT reference range: 9-46 U/L

The ALT blood test is performed to determine if the liver is damaged or diseased. ALT is found normally in low levels in the blood. However, if the liver is damaged ALT levels rise as the lever releases ALT into the blood. High levels of ALT in the blood may indicate liver damage caused by hepatitis, lead poisoning, drug reactions, alcohol abuse, or mononucleosis. Medicines such as statins, antibiotics, aspirin, narcotics, and chemotherapy can also cause elevated ALT levels.

Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)

Following is a sample of the results of the BMP test. This panel measures the levels of 8 components important for normal body functions:

  • Glucose
  • Calcium
  • Chloride
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen)
  • Creatinine
  • BUN/Creatinine Ratio
  • eGFR (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate)

LabCorp Example

Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) - LabCorp

BMP reference ranges: Glucose 65-99 mg/dl; Calcium 8.7-10.2 mg/dL; Chloride 96-106 mmol/L; Carbon Dioxide 18-29 mmol/L; Potassium 3.5-5.2 mmol/L; Sodium 134-144 mmol/L; BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) 6-24 mg/dL; Creatinine 0.57-1.00 mg/dL; BUN/Creatinine Ratio 9-23; eGFR >59 mL/min/1.73 (results will show variations for African American and Non African American)

Quest Diagnostics Example

Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) - Quest

BMP reference ranges: Glucose 65-99 mg/dl; Calcium 8.6-10.3 mg/dL; Chloride 98-110 mmol/L; Carbon Dioxide 20-31 mmol/L; Potassium 3.5-5.3 mmol/L; Sodium 135-146 mmol/L; BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) 7-25 mg/dL; Creatinine 0.70-1.33 mg/dL; BUN/Creatinine Ratio 6-22 (calculated); eGFR > =60 mL/min/1.73m2 (results will also show variations for African American and Non African American)

Elevated results may indicate or result from:

  • Glucose (diet high in carbohydrates, stress, diabetes, insulin production, illness, certain medications)
  • Calcium (weakened bones, cause kidney stones, may interfere with heart and brain activity)
  • Chloride (severe dehydration, renal acidosis)
  • Carbon Dioxide (may be caused by respiratory failure, may be associated with chronic lung disease or obstruction, anorexia)
  • Potassium (kidney disease, heart failure, dehydration, type 1 diabetes)
  • Sodium (dehydration)
  • BUN (impaired kidney functions, CHF, heart diease)
  • Creatinine (impaired kidney function or disease)
  • BUN/Creatinine Ratio (decreased blood flow to kidneys from dehydration or CHF)

Low results may indicate or result from:

  • Glucose (diabetes, excess insulin production, diet)
  • Calcium (parathyroid gland problems, diet, kidney disorder)
  • Chloride (heart failure, dehydration, addison’s disease)
  • Carbon Dioxide (diabetic ketoacidosis, aspirin or alcohol overdose, dehydration, liver or kidney disease)
  • Potassium (vomiting, diarrhea, adrenal gland disorders, use of diuretics)
  • Sodium (dehydration, sever diarrhea or vomiting, heart, kidney or liver disorders)
  • BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) (liver disease, malnutrition, overhydration)
  • Creatinine (liver disease, muscle dystrophy or weakness, excess waterloss)
  • BUN/Creatinine Ratio (liver disease, malnutrition)

BUN/Creatinine Ratio

Following is a sample of the results of the BUN/Creatinine test. This test measures BUN and creatinine levels to evaluate kidney function and how well the kidneys are able to filter waste products.

LabCorp Example

BUN/Creatinine Ratio - LabCorp

BUN/Creatinine reference range: BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) 6-24 mg/dL; Creatinine 0.57-1.00 mg/dL; BUN/Creatinine Ratio 9-23; eGFR (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate) >59 mL/min/1.73 (results will show variations for African American and Non African American)

Quest Diagnostics Example

BUN/Creatinine Ratio - Quest

BUN/Creatinine reference range: BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) 7-25 mg/dL; Creatinine 0.70-1.33 mg/dL; BUN/Creatinine Ratio 6-22 (calculated); eGFR (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate) > =60 mL/min/1.73m2 (results will show variations for African American and Non African American)

Elevated results may indicate or result from:

  • BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) (impaired kidney functions, CHF, heart diease)
  • Creatinine (impaired kidney function or disease)
  • BUN/Creatinine Ratio (decreased blood flow to kidneys from dehydration or CHF)

Low results may indicate or result from:

  • BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) (liver disease, malnutrition, overhydration)
  • Creatinine (liver disease, muscle dystrophy or weakness, excess waterloss)
  • BUN/Creatinine Ratio (liver disease, malnutrition)

C-Reactive Protein Highly Sensitive (CRP-hs) Results

Following is a sample of the results of the C-Reactive Protein Highly Sensitive test. CRP is a protein that increases in response to inflammation or infection. There are 2 types of CRP tests. A standard test looks for very high levels of inflammation. The highly sensitive test can detect levels of CRP that are mildly high, which can be associated with atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries due to plaque buildup).

LabCorp Example

C-Reactive Protein Highly Sensitive (CRP-hs) - LabCorp

CRP-hs reference range: 0.00-3.00 mg/L

Quest Diagnostics Example

C-Reactive Protein Highly Sensitive (CRP-hs) - Quest

CRP-hs reference range (>17 year old): <1.0 mg/L lower relative cardiovascular risk; 1.0-3.0 mg/L Average relative cardiovascular risk; 3.1-10.0 mg/L Higher relative cardiovascular risk; >10.0 mg/L Persistent evaluation may be associated with infection and inflammation

Complete Blood Count (CBC) with Differential

Following is a sample of the results of the CBC test. This test measures the levels of white blood cells, red blood cells, hematocrit, hemoglobin, and platelets. It also evaluates the types of white blood cells present and the physical characteristics (such as size) of red blood cells.

LabCorp Example

Complete Blood Count (CBC) with Differential - LabCorp

Quest Diagnostics Example

Complete Blood Count (CBC) with Differential - Quest

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel 14 (CMP 14)

Following is a sample of the results of the CMP test. This test measures levels of 14 individual components to assess overall health:

  • Glucose
  • Calcium
  • Total Protein
  • Globulin
  • Albumin
  • A/G Ratio
  • Chloride
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • ALT
  • AST
  • Bilirubin
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen)
  • Creatinine
  • BUN/Creatinine Ratio
  • eGFR (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate)

LabCorp Example

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel 14 (CMP 14) - LabCorp

CMP 14 reference ranges: Glucose 65-99 mg/dl; Calcium 8.7-10.2 mg/dL; Total Protein 6.0-8.5 g/dL; Globulin 1.5-4.5 g/dL; Albumin 3.5-4.8 g/dL; A/G ratio 1.2-2.2; Chloride 96-106 mmol/L; Carbon Dioxide 18-29 mmol/L; Potassium 3.5-5.2 mmol/L; Sodium 134-144 mmol/L; ALT 0-32 IU/L; AST 0-40 IU/L; Bilirubin 0.0-1.2 mg/dL; Alkaline Phosphatase 39-117 IU/L; BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) 6-24 mg/dL; Creatinine 0.57-1.00 mg/dL; BUN/Creatinine Ratio 9-23; eGFR >59 mL/min/1.73 (results will show variations for African American and Non African American)

Quest Diagnostics Example

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel 14 (CMP 14) - Quest

CMP 14 reference ranges: Glucose 65-99 mg/dl; Calcium 8.6-10.3 mg/dL; Total Protein 6.0-8.5 g/dL; Globulin 1.9-3.7 g/dL (calculated); Albumin 3.6-5.1 g/dL; A/G ratio 0.2-1.2 (calculated); Chloride 98-110 mmol/L; Carbon Dioxide 20-31 mmol/L; Potassium 3.5-5.3 mmol/L; Sodium 135-146 mmol/L; ALT 9-46 IU/L; AST 10-40 IU/L; Bilirubin 0.0-1.2 mg/dL; Alkaline Phosphatase 40-115 IU/L; BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) 7-25 mg/dL; Creatinine 0.70-1.33 mg/dL; BUN/Creatinine Ratio 6-22 (calculated); eGFR > =60 mL/min/1.73m2 (results will show variations for African American and Non African American)

Elevated results may indicate or result from:

  • Glucose (diet high in carbohydrates, stress, diabetes, insulin production, illness, certain medications)
  • Calcium (weakened bones, cause kidney stones, may interfere with heart and brain activity)
  • Total Protein (infection, inflammation, bone marrow disorder)
  • Globulin (multiple myeloma, lupus, kidney or liver disease)
  • Albumin (dehydration)
  • A/G Ratio (leukemia, bowel disorder)
  • Chloride (severe dehydration, renal acidosis)
  • Carbon Dioxide (may be caused by respiratory failure, may be associated with chronic lung disease or obstruction, anorexia)
  • Potassium (kidney disease, heart failure, dehydration, type 1 diabetes)
  • Sodium (dehydration)
  • ALT (heat stroke, muscle injury, alcohol abuse, chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, too much Vitamin A)
  • AST (liver disease, vigorous exercise, skeletal muscle injury)
  • Bilirubin (strenuous exercise, anemia cirrhosis, gallstones, liver disease, breakdown of RBC)
  • Alkaline Phosphatase (liver disease)
  • BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) (impaired kidney functions, CHF, heart disease)
  • Creatinine (impaired kidney function or disease)
  • BUN/Creatinine Ratio (decreased blood flow to kidneys from dehydration or CHF)

Low results may indicate or result from:

  • Glucose (diabetes, excess insulin production, diet)
  • Calcium (parathyroid gland problems, diet, kidney disorder)
  • Total Protein (malnutrition, kidney or liver disease, bowel disorder)
  • Globulin (liver or kidney disease)
  • Albumin (infection, diabetes, chronic illness, hypothyroidism)
  • A/G Ratio (autoimmune disease)
  • Chloride (heart failure, dehydration, addison’s disease)
  • Carbon Dioxide (diabetic ketoacidosis, aspirin or alcohol overdose, dehydration, liver or kidney disease)
  • Potassium (vomiting, diarrhea, adrenal gland disorders, use of diuretics)
  • Sodium (dehydration, severe diarrhea or vomiting, heart, kidney or liver disorders)
  • BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) (liver disease, malnutrition, overhydration)
  • Creatinine (liver disease, muscle dystrophy or weakness, excess waterloss)
  • BUN/Creatinine Ratio (liver disease, malnutrition)

Ferritin

Following is a sample of the results of the Ferritin test. This test measures the amount of ferritin, a protein that controls iron storage in the body. A ferritin test is used to screen for iron-deficiency anemia or for hemochromatosis (iron overload).

LabCorp Example

Ferritin - LabCorp

Ferritin reference range: 30-400 ng/mL

Quest Diagnostics Example

Ferritin - Quest

Ferritin reference range: 20-288 ng/mL

Elevated results may indicate or result from your body storing too much iron. It may also indicate liver disease, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory disease or hyperthyroidism. Low results may indicate an iron deficiency or anemia.

Glucose

Following is a sample of the results of the Glucose test. This test measures the amount of glucose, a type of sugar, in the blood. Glucose comes from carbohydrates in foods and is the main source of energy for the body. The body needs a steady supply of glucose and a relatively consistent level of glucose in the blood.

LabCorp Example

Glucose - LabCorp

Glucose reference range: 65-99 mg/dL

Quest Diagnostics Example

Glucose - Quest

Glucose reference range: 65-99 mg/dL

Low results may indicate or result from diabetes, excess insulin production, and diet deficiencies. Elevated results may indicate or result from diet high in carbohydrates, stress, diabetes, insulin production, illness, certain medications.

Iron

Following is a sample of the results of the Iron blood test. This test measures the total amount of iron in the blood. Iron is a trace element that is needed in the body to produce red blood cells.

Many people consume sufficient iron through a healthy diet that includes red meat, beans, dark leafy greens, and iron-fortified grains. Some people do not take in sufficient iron or do not absorb it properly, while others, including pregnant women, have higher iron needs.

LabCorp Example

Iron - LabCorp

Iron reference range: 27-159 ug/dL

Quest Diagnostics Example

Iron - Quest

Iron reference range: 45-160 mcg/dL

Low results may indicate iron deficiency, anemia, or chronic illness. Elevated results may indicate iron overload, anemia, iron poisoning, or hemochromatosis.

Iron & Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)

Following is a sample of the results of the Iron and Total Iron Binding Capacity test. Iron and total iron binding capacity are used to screen for iron-deficiency anemia or for hemochromatosis (iron overload).

Many people consume sufficient iron through a healthy diet that includes red meat, beans, dark leafy greens, and iron-fortified grains. Some people do not take in sufficient iron or do not absorb it properly, while others – including pregnant women – have higher iron needs. The total iron-binding capacity measures the iron that is available to bind to proteins in the blood. This helps assess the iron available to aid in the transport of oxygen in the body.

LabCorp Example

Iron & Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) - LabCorp

TIBC reference range: Iron 38-169 ug/dL; Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) 250-450 ug/dL; UIBC 111-343 ug/dL; Iron Saturation 15-55 %

Quest Diagnostics Example

Iron & Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) - Quest

TIBC reference range: Iron 50-180 mcg/dL; Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) 250-425 ug/dL (calculated); Iron Saturation 15-60 % (calculated

Low results may indicate iron deficiency, anemia, or chronic illness. Elevated results may indicate iron overload, anemia, iron poisoning, or hemochromatosis.

Lipid Panel Results

p>Following is a sample of the results of the Lipid Profile. The reference interval indicates the normal ranges and the flag indicates a result outside of those ranges. The Lipid Panel blood test measures cholesterol in your body. The Lipid Panel specifically measures your Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, High Density Lipoproteins (HDL also called "good cholesterol"), Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL also called "bad cholesterol"), and Very low-density cholesterol (VLDL).

LabCorp Example

Lipid Panel - LabCorp

Lipid Panel reference ranges: Cholesterol, Total 100-199 mg/dL; Triglycerides <= 149 mg/dL; HDL Cholesterol >=39 mg/dL (The higher the result for HDL, the lower risk for CHD); VLDL Cholesterol (calculated); LDL Cholesterol (calculated) <100 mg/dL

Quest Diagnostics Example

Lipid Panel - Quest

Lipid Panel reference ranges: Cholesterol, Total <200 mg/dL; Triglycerides <150mg/dL; HDL Cholesterol >40 mg/dL (The higher the result for HDL, the lower risk for CHD); VLDL Cholesterol (calculated) <30 mg/dL; LDL Cholesterol (calculated) <100 mg/dL

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Results

Following is a sample of the results of the PSA blood test. The reference interval indicates the normal ranges and the flag indicates a result outside of those ranges. The Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test measures the level of PSA in a man's blood. PSA levels under 4 ng/mL are generally normal for a healthy male. According to published studies, PSA levels between 4 and 10 result in a 25% chance of prostate cancer and a PSA result greater than 10 increases the risk of cancer to 67%. Rising levels of PSA over time are highly indicative of prostate cancer and consequently periodic testing is recommended.

LabCorp Example

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) - LabCorp

PSA reference range: 0.0 to 4.0 ng/mL

Quest Diagnostics Example

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) - Quest
PSA reference range: < or = to 4.0 ng/mL

Prothrombin Time (PT) and Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) with INR

Following is a sample of the results of the PT/PTT/INR test. The Prothrombin Time(PT/INR) and Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) test is used to measure how long it takes the blood to clot.

LabCorp Example

Prothrombin Time (PT) and Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) with INR - LabCorp

PT/PTT/INR reference range: INR 0.8-1.2 (standard dose therapeutic range: 2.0-3.5; High intensity therapeutic range: 2.5-3.5); Prothrombin Time 9.1-12.0 sec; aPTT 24-33 sec

Quest Diagnostics Example

Prothrombin Time (PT) and Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) with INR - Quest

PT/PTT/INR reference range: INR 0.9-1.1 (standard dose therapeutic range: 2.0-3.0; High intensity therapeutic range: 3.0-4.0); Prothrombin Time 9.0-11.5 sec; aPTT 22-34 sec)

Prolonged PTT means that clotting is taking longer to occur than normal and may be due to a variety of causes.

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Test Results

Following are sample results of the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) blood test. The reference intervals indicate the normal ranges and the flag indicates a result outside of those ranges.

LabCorp Example

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) - LabCorp

TSH reference range: 0.450 to 4.500 uIU/L

Quest Diagnostics Example

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) - Quest

TSH reference range: Adults 20 years and older 0.450 to 4.500 uIU/mL; Frist Trimester Pregnancy 0.26 to 2.66 mIU/L; Second Trimester Pregnancy 0.55 to 2.73 mIU/L; Third Trimester Pregnancy 0.43 to 2.91 mIU/L

A TSH blood test is commonly ordered when thyroid problems are suspected. Possible indications of thyroid problems may include weight loss, weight gain, feelings of extreme hot or cold, tiredness, rapid heart rate and irregular menstrual cycles. The average range of TSH in the blood is from .40 to 4.5.

Low levels of TSH in the blood may indicate an overactive thyroid gland, thyroid gland, commonly referred to as hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism can cause weight loss, increased heart rate, diarrhea, and abnormal menstrual cycles.

High levels of TSH in the blood may indicate an underactive thyroid gland, commonly referred to as hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism can cause weight gain, constipation, dry skin, tiredness and abnormal menstrual cycles. Hyperthyroidism can cause weight loss, increased heart rate, diarrhea, and abnormal menstrual cycles.

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) and Free T4 Test Results

Following are sample results of the TSH and Free T4 blood test. The reference intervals indicate the normal ranges and the flag indicates a result outside of those ranges. A TSH blood test is commonly ordered when thyroid problems are suspected. Free thyroxine (free T4) tests may be used to help evaluate and asses thyroid function for thyroid conditions such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

  • Low levels of TSH in the blood may indicate an overactive thyroid gland, thyroid gland, commonly referred to as hyperthyroidism.
  • High levels of TSH in the blood may indicate an underactive thyroid gland, commonly referred to as hypothyroidism.
  • Elevated Free T4 results may indicate hyperthyroidism.
  • Low Free T4 results may indicate hypothyroidism.

LabCorp Example

TSH and Free T4 tests - LabCorp

TSH: reference range 0.450 to 4.500 uIU/mL
Free T4 (Direct): reference range .093 to 1.60 ng/dL

Quest Diagnostics Example

TSH and Free T4 tests - Quest

TSH: reference range 0.40 to 4.50 mIU/L
Free T4: reference range 0.8 to 1.8 ng/dL

Urinalysis (UA)

Following is a sample of the results of the Urinalysis test. A urinalysis tests for color, appearance, specific gravity, pH, protein, glucose, ketones, occult blood, leukocyte esterase, nitrite, bilirubin, and urobilinogen. These tests are done on all routine urinalysis ordered and if protein, leukocyte, occult blood, and nitrites are all negative, microscopic examination is not performed; just the above parameters are reported.

LabCorp Example

Urinalysis (UA) - LabCorp

Quest Diagnostics Example

Urinalysis (UA) - Quest

If a microscopic examination is performed it will test for RBC, WBC, Casts and type, Crystals and type, Epithelial Cells, Bacteria, Mucus Threads, and Yeast. This test is not used to determine what type of bacteria or yeast may be in the urine. A culture and sensitivity test would be needed to determine the bacteria and yeast type for treatment.

Vitamin D, 25 Hydroxy

Following is a sample of the results of the Urinalysis test. This test is used to screen for vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D plays an important role in preventing osteoporosis (decreased bone strength). In recent years, research has shown that vitamin D also plays a role in maintaining other aspects of overall health.

LabCorp Example

Vitamin D, 25 Hydroxy - LabCorp

Vitamin D reference range: 30.0-100.0 ng/mL

Quest Diagnostics Example

Vitamin D, 25 Hydroxy - Quest

Vitamin D reference range: 30 -100 ng/mL

Low results may indicate or result from softening of the bones (Rickets) may base cognitive impairment, or increased risk of Cardiovascular disease.

Elevated results may indicate or result from too much vitamin supplements. This may cause an increase in calcium levels leading to nausea, confusion, abnormal heart rhythm and kidney stones.