The Recent Exposure STD Testing (Early Detection HIV) examines your blood for a copy of the HIV virus and STD viruses. Since many of these viruses replicate quickly, they can be detected as soon as 28 days after exposure. This test combines testing for several STDs, including:
- (HIV-1), Qualitative, RNA
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Herpes Simplex Virus I/II, IgG
A sexually transmitted disease (STD) is an infection passed from one person to another during sexual intercourse or intimate contact where fluids with the infectious organism are passed to the partner. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly half of the 19 million new cases of STDs diagnosed in the U.S. every year occur in individuals between the ages of 15 and 24.
When you order from Health Testing Centers there is no visit to a doctor and the results are private, confidential, and typically sent to you within 24 hours (confirmation testing may take longer).
(HIV-1), Qualitative, RNA
This acute infection of HIV can be detected as soon as two weeks after infection, although some cases are not detected until three or four weeks after infection. Approximately half of the cases of HIV infection occur during the acute infection stage because the carrier does not realize they are infected.
Chlamydia (Chlamydia Trachomatis)
The most common STD in the U.S., approximately 75 percent of sexually active women and 50 percent of sexual active men have been diagnosed with this disease. This bacterial infection can be spread through vaginal, anal and oral sexual intercourse, and few infections present symptoms, which is why the condition is referred to as “the silent epidemic.”
Gonorrhea (Neisseria Gonorrhoeae)
An infection that can affect the uterus, mouth, throat, eyes and anus, the bacteria that causes this condition prefers warm, moist areas. Approximately 80 percent of the women and 10 percent of the men infected with this disease exhibit no symptoms.
Hepatitis B (HBV)
Hepatitis B is a virus that attacks the liver and can be passed through bodily fluids such as blood or semen. Acute HBV is cleared in less than six months while Chronic HBV can last more than six months and reoccur after periods of dormancy. Acute HBV is manageable by the body’s autoimmune system, unless there is an underlying condition weakening the autoimmune system. Chronic HBV causes liver damage and conditions such as cirrhosis, liver cancer or liver failure.
Hepatitis C (HCV)
Hepatitis C is passed through direct contact with blood infected with the HCV. It usually presents no symptoms in the early stages, and symptoms include fever, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, nausea or loss of appetite and jaundice, which are also symptoms in those infected with HBV. HCV can also eventually lead to liver cancer, cirrhosis or liver failure.
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
An incurable viral condition that is spread through direct contact with bodily fluid or sores. Herpes Simplex I, also referred to as Oral Herpes, is the most common strain of the Herpes virus and presents as painful sores on, in or around the mouth area. Herpes Simplex II, also referred to as Genital Herpes, presents as sores on, in or around the genital area similar to the sores presented with Herpes Simplex I. The virus is spread through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person. While the condition cannot be cured, there are treatments to relieve the symptoms.
Syphilis (Treponema Pallidum)
Spread through vaginal, oral or anal sex, those infected with this bacterium often do not realize they have it. Syphilis often presents as a rash in the genital area or a chancre that will disappear on its own, giving a false sense that the infection is gone. If left untreated, the disease can spread, infecting other organs in the body.
Common Reasons for Ordering Recent Exposure STD Testing
Recent Exposure STD Testing (Early Detection HIV) is usually requested for persons who are at a high risk of contracting HIV or an STD through:
- Sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal)
- Sharing of needles
- Direct contact with the blood of an infection person
- Notification from an infected partner
- Presence of symptoms of one or more of the diseases
- Early pregnancy screening
- Cases of unwanted sexual contact