Basic Health Screening Blood Test Explained
The Basic Heatlh Screening Blood Test includes a Comprehensive Metabolic Panel, a Complete Blood Count and a Urinalysis. Each of these tests are described below with sample results and ranges.
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
Glucose: Glucose is a measure of the sugar level in your blood. Specific levels can indicate diabetes or hypoglycemia.
Uric Acid: Uric Acid is a normal byproduct excreted in urine. Abnormal levels can indicate gout, arthritis, and kidney problems.
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN): BUN is a waste product produced in the liver and excreted by the kidneys. BUN levels (and the BUN / creatine ratio) assess kidney function.
Creatinine: Creatinine is a waste product primarily from muscle breakdown. Levels estimate the kidney filtration rate.
Glom Filtration Rate: A measure of how well the kidneys are filtering the blood.
Sodium: Sodium is an electrolyte that is regulated by the kidneys. Body fluid and electrolyte balance are important measures of kidney function.
Potassium: Potassium is an electrolyte that is controlled by the kidneys. It is critical for proper functioning of the nerves and muscles, particularly the heart.
Chloride: Chloride is another electrolyte that is involved in maintaining the proper balance of body fluids and the body's acid-base balance.
Calcium: Calcium is controlled in the blood by the glands and the kidneys. It is important for proper blood clotting, nerve, and cell activity.
Phosphorus: Phosphorus is regulated by the kidneys and high levels may indicate kidney disease.
Triglycerides: Triglycerides are fat in the blood which, if elevated, has been associated with heart disease.
Cholesterol: Cholesterol is a fat-like substance which, if elevated, has been associated with heart disease.
Albumin: Albumin is a type of protein in your blood.
Globulin: Globulin is a type of protein that is important for fighting disease.
Total Protein: The amount of total protein evaluates kidney functions and the albumin / globulin ratio are general indices of overall health and nutrition.
Total Bilirubin: Bilirubin is a pigment removed from the blood by the liver. Levels are used to evaluate liver and gallbladder function.
Alkaline Phosphatase: Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme found mainly in bones and the liver. Specific levels can indicate liver or bone disease.
GGTP: GGTP is an enzyme found in muscles, the liver and heart that facilitates chemical activities within cells. Damage from alcohol, medications, vitamins and a number of diseases could be reflected in high values.
LDH: LDH is an enzyme found in all the cells in the body. Anything which damages cells including injury or disease will raise amounts in the blood.
SGOT (also called AST): AST/SGOT is also a liver and muscle enzyme. Specific levels may indicate problems with the liver, gallbladder, or pancreas.
Following is a sample of the results of the Comprehensive Metabolic Panel included in the Basic Health Screening. The reference interval indicates the normal ranges and the flag indicates a result outside of those ranges.
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Iron: Iron works with protein to make the hemoglobin in red blood cells, which carries oxygen to all parts of the body. Levels evaluate several conditions such as iron deficient anemia and hemochromatosis.
White Blood Count: The total number of white blood cells per volume of whole blood. Abnormal levels may indicate infection, certain types of leukemia, or bone marrow diseases.
Red Blood Count: The total number of red blood cells per volume of whole blood.
Hemoglobin (Hgb): Hemoglobin is the amount of oxygen carrying protein contained within the red blood cells. Abnormal levels may indicate anemia, red blood cell breakdown, or vitamin deficiencies.
Hematocrit (Hct): Hematocrit is the percentage of the blood volume occupied by red blood cells. Levels evaluate anemia, bone marrow failure, and certain cancers.
Following is a sample of the results of the CBC included in the Basic Health Screening. The reference interval indicates the normal ranges for each of the elements and the flag indicates a result outside of those ranges.
A UA is an array of tests and one of the most proven methods of medical diagnosis. The urinalysis measures glucose, protein, blood, bilirubin, ketones, nitrates, leukocytes, sediment, bacteria, PH and specific gravity. Following is a sample of the results of the Urinalysis included in the Basic Health Screening. The reference interval indicates the normal ranges and the flag indicates a result outside of those ranges.